There are many types of deformities that can happen to the feet. One of these is referred to as a hammertoe, which can cause the toe to bend downward instead of naturally pointing forward. It can develop gradually due to genetic reasons, or from wearing shoes that do not have adequate room for the toes to move freely in. Additional reasons why this ailment may occur can include an injury to the toe, or medical conditions such as arthritis or nerve damage. Common side effects of hammertoe may consist of corns or calluses, they can form on top of the affected toe, and it may be difficult to walk and flex your foot. Patients may find mild relief when insoles are worn in the shoes, and surgery may be a necessary option to correct severe hammertoe. If you are afflicted with this ailment, it’s suggested that you consult with a podiatrist as quickly as possible for proper treatment to begin.
Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact one of our podiatrists from Sutera and Jones Surgical Podiatry. Our doctors will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.
Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear.
- Pain in the affected toes
- Development of corns or calluses due to friction
- Contracture of the toes
Genetics – People who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible
Arthritis – Because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur
Trauma – Direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe
Ill-fitting shoes – Undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe
Orthotics – Custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it
Medications – Oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used
Surgery – In more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option
If you have any questions please contact one of our offices located in Media and Glen Mills, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about What Are Hammertoes?
Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction, otherwise known as flat feet, is a foot condition that can be recognized when the feet have little to no arch and has developed during adulthood. This condition can be painful, and may occur when the posterior tibial tendon is inflamed, overstretched, damaged, or torn. When the arches of the foot fall, or are flattened, you lose the support you would normally get when walking. Those who are frequently involved in high-impact sports like basketball or tennis may have a greater risk of obtaining this condition. To help treat this ailment, it is suggested that you rest your feet, and refrain from activities that put weight on your feet. Some patients have also found physical therapy, as well as the use of orthotics to be helpful, as they provide extra support to make up for the fallen arches. For more severe cases, it may be beneficial to have surgery performed. For more information on flat feet and how to best treat them, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist.
What Are Flat Feet?
Flatfoot is a condition in which the arch of the foot is depressed and the sole of the foot is almost completely in contact with the ground. About 20-30% of the population generally has flat feet because their arches never formed during growth.
Conditions & Problems:
Having flat feet makes it difficult to run or walk because of the stress placed on the ankles.
Alignment – The general alignment of your legs can be disrupted, because the ankles move inward which can cause major discomfort.
Knees – If you have complications with your knees, flat feet can be a contributor to arthritis in that area.
- Pain around the heel or arch area
- Trouble standing on the tip toe
- Swelling around the inside of the ankle
- Flat look to one or both feet
- Having your shoes feel uneven when worn
If you are experiencing pain and stress on the foot you may weaken the posterior tibial tendon, which runs around the inside of the ankle.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Media and Glen Mills, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about What is Flexible Flat Foot?
Many women enjoy wearing high heels, as wearing this type of shoe can often make the feet and legs look slender. If you choose to wear high heels, it is important to look for heels that are slightly wider, as this may be helpful in preventing unwanted foot conditions from developing. Patients may find it beneficial to wear cushions over their toes which can help to prevent corns from forming. Additionally, existing friction may be reduced when a lubricant or powder is applied to your foot or put inside the shoe. If you would like additional information about how to choose high heels that are right for you, it’s suggested that you consult with a podiatrist.
High heels have a history of causing foot and ankle problems. If you have any concerns about your feet or ankles, contact one of our podiatrists from Sutera and Jones Surgical Podiatry. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Effects of High Heels on the Feet
High heels are popular shoes among women because of their many styles and societal appeal. Despite this, high heels can still cause many health problems if worn too frequently.
Which Parts of My Body Will Be Affected by High Heels?
- Ankle Joints
- Achilles Tendon – May shorten and stiffen with prolonged wear
- Balls of the Feet
- Knees – Heels cause the knees to bend constantly, creating stress on them
- Back – They decrease the spine’s ability to absorb shock, which may lead to back pain. The vertebrae of the lower back may compress.
What Kinds of Foot Problems Can Develop from Wearing High Heels?
- Morton’s Neuroma
- Plantar Fasciitis
How Can I Still Wear High Heels and Maintain Foot Health?
If you want to wear high heeled shoes, make sure that you are not wearing them every day, as this will help prevent long term physical problems. Try wearing thicker heels as opposed to stilettos to distribute weight more evenly across the feet. Always make sure you are wearing the proper shoes for the right occasion, such as sneakers for exercising. If you walk to work, try carrying your heels with you and changing into them once you arrive at work. Adding inserts to your heels can help cushion your feet and absorb shock. Full foot inserts or metatarsal pads are available.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Media and Glen Mills, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Effect of High Heels on the Feet
Gout is a type of inflammatory arthritis that occurs when too much uric acid is found in the blood. When this uric acid progressively builds up, crystals form that attach to the joints and lead to pain, often felt in the foot or ankle region. This pain may also come in spurts, which is typically referred to as gout attacks. Redness and swelling of the feet, along with pain, and feeling slightly feverish, are all symptoms you may experience if you have developed gout. Because this condition can be incredibly painful, it’s recommended that you seek the care of a podiatrist who will be able to properly diagnose your condition, as well as offer you a means to alleviate your discomfort.
Gout is a painful condition that can be treated. If you are seeking treatment, contact one of our podiatrists from Sutera and Jones Surgical Podiatry. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.
What Is Gout?
Gout is a form of arthritis that is characterized by sudden, severe attacks of pain, redness, and tenderness in the joints. The condition usually affects the joint at the base of the big toe. A gout attack can occur at any random time, such as the middle of the night while you are asleep.
- Intense Joint Pain - Usually around the large joint of your big toe, and it most severe within the first four to twelve hours
- Lingering Discomfort - Joint discomfort may last from a few days to a few weeks
- Inflammation and Redness -Affected joints may become swollen, tender, warm and red
- Limited Range of Motion - May experience a decrease in joint mobility
- Genetics - If family members have gout, you’re more likely to have it
- Medications - Diuretic medications can raise uric acid levels
- Gender/Age - Gout is more common in men until the age of 60. It is believed that estrogen protects women until that point
- Diet - Eating red meat and shellfish increases your risk
- Alcohol - Having more than two alcoholic drinks per day increases your risk
- Obesity - Obese people are at a higher risk for gout
Prior to visiting your podiatrist to receive treatment for gout, there are a few things you should do beforehand. If you have gout you should write down your symptoms--including when they started and how often you experience them, important medical information you may have, and any questions you may have. Writing down these three things will help your podiatrist in assessing your specific situation so that he or she may provide the best route of treatment for you.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Media and Glen Mills, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.Read more about Everything You Need to Know About Gout
There are clear signs that can indicate whether athlete's foot has developed or not. A common symptom related to this condition is the formation of a red rash that may spread all over the afflicted foot and is normally found in between the toes. If left untreated, the rash may spread underneath the foot, leaving the skin looking scaly or chalky. Additionally, the rash may be incredibly itchy, however, scratching the affected area may cause more harm to the skin, which is why it is advised that scratching be refrained. Athlete’s foot is a fungal skin infection that may enter the skin if footwear is not worn in warm, moist environments. Areas where this infection typically spreads can include communal showers, locker rooms, and swimming pools. For advice on how to treat your athlete’s foot or for tips on prevention, we recommend you consult with a podiatrist for professional care.
Athlete’s foot is an inconvenient condition that can be easily reduced with the proper treatment. If you have any concerns about your feet and ankles, contact one of our podiatrists from Sutera and Jones Surgical Podiatry. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.
Athlete’s Foot: The Sole Story
Athlete's foot, also known as tinea pedis, can be an extremely contagious foot infection. It is commonly contracted in public changing areas and bathrooms, dormitory style living quarters, around locker rooms and public swimming pools, or anywhere your feet often come into contact with other people.
Solutions to Combat Athlete’s Foot
- Hydrate your feet by using lotion
- Buff off nails
- Use of anti-fungal products
- Examine your feet and visit your doctor if any suspicious blisters or cuts develop
Athlete’s foot can cause many irritating symptoms such as dry and flaking skin, itching, and redness. Some more severe symptoms can include bleeding and cracked skin, intense itching and burning, and even pain when walking. In the worst cases, Athlete’s foot can cause blistering as well. Speak to your podiatrist for a better understanding of the different causes of Athlete’s foot, as well as help in determining which treatment options are best for you.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Media and Glen Mills, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Athlete’s Foot
Each foot is comprised of 26 bones. Many of these bones are small, and can easily be fractured. This can happen as a result of a heavy object falling on the foot, or if it is stubbed against a piece of furniture. Common symptoms of a broken foot will generally consist of pain that is so intense, walking may be difficult. Additionally, the foot may appear red and bruised. In severe breaks, the bone may be protruding through the skin. After a proper diagnosis is performed, which typically consists of having an X-ray taken, proper treatment can begin. This can include wearing a supportive boot or cast for several weeks as the healing process takes place. If you feel you have broken bones in your foot, it is advised that you schedule a consultation with a podiatrist as quickly as possible who can determine the best course of treatment for you.
A broken foot requires immediate medical attention and treatment. If you need your feet checked, contact one of our podiatrists from Sutera and Jones Surgical Podiatry. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Broken Foot Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
A broken foot is caused by one of the bones in the foot typically breaking when bended, crushed, or stretched beyond its natural capabilities. Usually the location of the fracture indicates how the break occurred, whether it was through an object, fall, or any other type of injury.
Common Symptoms of Broken Feet:
- Blue in color
Those that suspect they have a broken foot shoot seek urgent medical attention where a medical professional could diagnose the severity.
Treatment for broken bones varies depending on the cause, severity and location. Some will require the use of splints, casts or crutches while others could even involve surgery to repair the broken bones. Personal care includes the use of ice and keeping the foot stabilized and elevated.
As many patients know, having an ingrown toenail can be extremely painful, and can often make completing everyday activities more difficult. To help prevent developing this uncomfortable condition, it’s important that certain precautions are taken while cutting your toenails. The first step for proper trimming starts with your technique. Nails should be trimmed straight across, avoiding making them rounded. They should also be trimmed just enough that the corners loosely sit on the skin, and not too short where they begin to dig into the skin. You also want to make sure that the clippers you’re using to trim your nails are specifically designed for the purpose of trimming toenails. Some signs that may indicate you’ve developed an ingrown toenail can include redness surrounding the skin of the affected toe, swelling, pain, and in more severe cases, you may notice pus around the nail. In order to safely treat an ingrown toenail, we recommend you consult with a podiatrist for professional care and attention.
Ingrown toenails can become painful if they are not treated properly. For more information about ingrown toenails, contact one of our podiatrists of Sutera and Jones Surgical Podiatry. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Ingrown toenails occur when a toenail grows sideways into the bed of the nail, causing pain, swelling, and possibly infection.
- Bacterial infections
- Improper nail cutting such as cutting it too short or not straight across
- Trauma to the toe, such as stubbing, which causes the nail to grow back irregularly
- Ill-fitting shoes that bunch the toes too close together
- Genetic predisposition
Because ingrown toenails are not something found outside of shoe-wearing cultures, going barefoot as often as possible will decrease the likeliness of developing ingrown toenails. Wearing proper fitting shoes and using proper cutting techniques will also help decrease your risk of developing ingrown toenails.
Ingrown toenails are a very treatable foot condition. In minor cases, soaking the affected area in salt or antibacterial soaps will not only help with the ingrown nail itself, but also help prevent any infections from occurring. In more severe cases, surgery is an option. In either case, speaking to your podiatrist about this condition will help you get a better understanding of specific treatment options that are right for you.
If you find that your toenails have discoloration, this may be a sign that you have developed a toenail fungus. Usually this discoloration may appear as white, yellow, or brown patches or streaks on the toenail. The fungus can also cause the toenail to crumble, as well as thicken, become ragged, or appear dull. It may be likely to develop a fungal infection through not wearing proper footwear in environments that are warm and moist. These places typically include communal showers, locker rooms, and swimming pools. You may also be more prone to getting a toenail fungus if you are experiencing other fungal infections of the skin, for example, athlete’s foot. To help prevent this condition from developing, it is suggested that you trim your nails on a regular basis, wear breathable socks, and keep your feet clean and dry. For a proper diagnosis and professional opinion on how to treat this condition, it is suggested that you consult with your local podiatrist.
Toenail Fungus Treatment
Toenail fungus is a condition that affects many people and can be especially hard to get rid of. Fortunately, there are several methods to go about treating and avoiding it.
Antifungals & Deterrence
Oral antifungal medicine has been shown to be effective in many cases. It is important to consult with a podiatrist to determine the proper regiment for you, or potentially explore other options.
Applying foot powder on the feet and shoes helps keep the feet free of moisture and sweat.
Sandals or open toed shoes – Wearing these will allow air movement and help keep feet dry. They also expose your feet to light, which fungus cannot tolerate. Socks with moisture wicking material also help as well.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Media and Glen Mills, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.Read more about How to Treat Your Toenail Fungus
Research has indicated that a large percentage of athlete’s have experienced stress fractures at least once in their lifetime. The feet bear the weight of the body, and can cause muscle fatigue. This may be a significant factor in causing small cracks in the bones of the feet, which can lead to severe pain and discomfort. Recent studies have shown that eating healthy foods may be beneficial in reducing the risk of getting stress fractures. Nutritional deficiencies may contribute to the development of this ailment. Your risk may be diminished by eating fresh fruits and vegetables, as this may help to provide the body with necessary nutrients. If you would like more information about how stress fractures can affect the feet, and how to possibly prevent them, please consult with a podiatrist.
Activities where too much pressure is put on the feet can cause stress fractures. To learn more, contact one of our podiatrists from Sutera and Jones Surgical Podiatry. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep your pain free and on your feet.
Dealing with Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle
Stress fractures occur in the foot and ankle when muscles in these areas weaken from too much or too little use. The feet and ankles then lose support when walking or running from the impact of the ground. Since there is no protection, the bones receive the full impact of each step. Stress on the feet can cause cracks to form in the bones, thus creating stress fractures.
What Are Stress Fractures?
Stress fractures occur frequently in individuals whose daily activities cause great impact on the feet and ankles. Stress factors are most common among:
- People affected with Osteoporosis
- Tennis or basketball players
- High impact workouts
Pain from the fractures occur in the area of the fractures and can be constant or intermittent. It will often cause sharp or dull pain with swelling and tenderness. Engaging in any kind of activity which involves high impact will aggravate pain.
There are methods that can be implemented which may be beneficial in promoting good health care for your children’s feet. Research has indicated the importance of having your child walk barefoot while indoors, as this may help to strengthen their feet. Additionally, when toenails are properly trimmed, it may prevent painful conditions such as ingrown toenails from developing. When toddlers are ready to walk outside, accurately sized shoes can be purchased when their feet are measured correctly and frequently. Additionally, it is important to have your child wear the right type of socks, as this may be helpful in preventing circulation problems. If you would like additional information about how to take care of children’s feet, please consult with a podiatrist.
Making sure that your children maintain good foot health is very important as they grow. If you have any questions, contact one of our podiatrists of Sutera and Jones Surgical Podiatry. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Keeping Children's Feet Healthy
Having healthy feet during childhood can help prevent medical problems later in life, namely in the back and legs. As children grow, their feet require different types of care. Here are some things to consider...
Although babies do not walk yet, it is still very important to take care of their feet.
Avoid putting tight shoes or socks on his or her feet.
Allow the baby to stretch and kick his or her feet to feel comfortable.
As a toddler, kids are now on the move and begin to develop differently. At this age, toddlers are getting a feel for walking, so don’t be alarmed if your toddler is unsteady or ‘walks funny’.
As your child gets older, it is important to teach them how to take care of their feet.
Show them proper hygiene to prevent infections such as fungus.
Be watchful for any pain or injury.
Have all injuries checked by a doctor as soon as possible.
Comfortable, protective shoes should always be worn, especially at play.
Teenagers who are physically active may experience a painful condition that is known as Sever’s disease. It was discovered and named in 1912, and is considered to be the most common form of heel pain in children. This condition affects the growth plate in the heel, and generally occurs during growing spurts. Performing certain sporting activities may put excess pressure on the heels, and may contribute to severe pain and swelling. Factors that may precede developing Sever’s disease can include having flat feet, wearing shoes that do not fit correctly, or having one leg that is shorter than the other leg. The foot may feel better when it is elevated as frequently as possible, in addition to wearing supportive shoes and inserts. If your child is afflicted with Sever’s disease, it is advised that you schedule a consultation with a podiatrist who can properly treat this condition.
Sever's disease often occurs in children and teens. If your child is experiencing foot or ankle pain, see one of our podiatrists from Sutera and Jones Surgical Podiatry. Our doctors can treat your child’s foot and ankle needs.
Sever’s disease is also known as calcaneal apophysitis, which is a medical condition that causes heel pain I none or both feet. The disease is known to affect children between the ages of 8 and 14.
Sever’s disease occurs when part of the child’s heel known as the growth plate (calcaneal epiphysis) is attached to the Achilles tendon. This area can suffer injury when the muscles and tendons of the growing foot do not keep pace with bone growth. Therefore, the constant pain which one experiences at the back of the heel will make the child unable to put any weight on the heel. The child is then forced to walk on their toes.
Acute pain – Pain associated with Sever’s disease is usually felt in the heel when the child engages in physical activity such as walking, jumping and or running.
Highly active – Children who are very active are among the most susceptible in experiencing Sever’s disease, because of the stress and tension placed on their feet.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Media and Glen Mills, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle injuries.Read more about Sever's Disease